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VFR Flights Operations - Italian Airspace
1. On the whole national territory VFR flights are allowed, with the observance of the following rules:
2. The presentation of a FPL/VFR is mandatory.
3. VFR flights in route will have to fly at an altitude (chosen by the pilot) that allows them to have always the visual contact with the ground and in such conditions of flight from being able to see and separate from the eventual others aa/mm that may operate nearby.
4. Is VFR pilot's responsibility to supply his own separation from the ground and/or obstacles on the surface.
5. VFR Flights in the TMA.
Flights VFR inside of the TMA (Terminal Control Area) will have to be carried out to the quotas MAX indicated on the maps and to maintain VMC (Visual Meteorological conditions). Further altitudes could be granted from the competent ACC (Area Control Centre) if the traffic allow so. In case the pilot won't be able anymore to continue the flight in VFR (because there aren't the meteorological conditions that allow a good visibility of flight and the visual contact with the ground) and wishes to change its F/P in IFR, he will have to advise the ACC (Area Control Centre) in order to obtain the formal "Clearance enroute", for the destination airport.
6. VFR flights in "Controlled Zones"
a) the VFR flights ARRIVING and DEPARTING airports located in "Controlled Zones" are needed to fly along the formal published "VFR routes" at the MAX altitude indicated. Other routes could be granted from the APP, whom the pilot must be always in radio contact.
b) Without specific authorization of the APP/TWR, the pilots WILL HAVE to avoid the instrumental paths of arrivals and departures of the airports.
c) VFR flights arriving, once transferred from the APP to the TWR, will have to report "field in sight" and to fly the standard traffic circuit (pattern) VFR (downwind - base - final) or as instructed by the TWR.
d) In case the weather conditions on the destination or departure airfield are less than estimated minimal (ground vis. 5 Km; Ceiling (base of clouds) less than 1500ft), the VFR operations will be suspended.
In these cases:
I - arrival flights
The flights in arrival will have to continue according to the IFR flight rules and expect to be instructed from the APP for an instrument approach.
It will be cure of the APP, to supply to the insertion of such flights in the approach sequence. Until they haven't yet obtained the formal "IFR clearance" by the APP, the pilots will have to hold on the specific fixes (or as coordinated with the APP) and to maintain the published altitudes for thier own VFR route.
II - departure flights
The flights in departure could be only carried out in IFR. Therefore, the pilots will have to send a suitable IFR F/P and to respect the procedure established for the instrumental takeoffs. In particular circumstances and in absence of IFR arrival traffic, the TWR could be able to clear visual circuit operations (even with ground visibility below 5Km) for "Touch and Go" (upon approval of the APP) assured that the pilot is able to carry them out continuously having "field in sight" and "visual contact with the ground".
7. Monitoring and vectoring
Monitoring service for all VFR flights will be available upon request, then both the "radar service" monitoring and the "radar vectoring" could be supplied. In this last case, the responsibility of their separation from the natural obstacles remains in the pilot's responsibility and to maintain the visual contact with the ground. In case a radar vectoring can prejudge dictates to separation (or the visual contact with the ground) the pilots will act of own initiative and will inform agency ATC approximately
the impossibility of comply to the received instructions ("unable to comply for...").